Where these languages have been African languages, it was the missionaries who chose what the 'proper' form of the language would be, thus serving both to further unity and to produce divisions by establishing firm boundaries.
The government exercises considerable control over nongovernmental organizations NGOs by delaying or threatening to withdraw their registration, which must be sanctioned by a government-controlled board and can be quickly revoked.
For Uganda, we have clear evidence that the introduction of downward accountabilities in the form of local competitive elections is not only a poor substitute for top-down disciplines. If aid is given, it should include assistance for the development of a pluralistic and independent civil society, a vibrant NGO community and human rights groups with a monitoring capacity, an independent and accountable press, an independent judiciary with the capacity to function effectively, and a robust and independent human rights commission.
Concern with the content of the message will be of ever greater importance if we are to understand it. Since coming to power, the NRM has used a state-funded program of political and military education called chaka-mchaka to spread its message that political parties are destructive sectarian organizations responsible for Uganda's past woes, an argument that resonates given Uganda's recent political history.
In others, such as Zambia, the chiefs remain, but most of their power has been taken from them. The Journal of the Community Development Society, 3 2 The essays in this volume attempt to remedy this situation by placing the study of ethnicity within the unfolding history of a set of societies which are genuinely comparable.
This runs counter to the conventional good-governance perspective, which sees progress at these different levels as necessarily linked. The cost-recovery arrangements have continued to operate in principle for the minority of patients who are adults not covered by other exemptions, but it has been seriously undermined.
R A collection of essays that argue for the use and promotion of indigenous, non-hegemonic languages as a means of communication and to preserve multilingual communities.
In effect, then, the economic changes that followed on the establishment of the Rand's gold industry and the binding together of the far-flung areas of southern and central Africa into a regional economic unit were accompanied by a rapid and increasingly sharp differentiation of the region's peoples into more favoured and less favoured societies and of the societies themselves into more favoured and less favoured classes-in-the-making.
Was the community of Nigerian writers being told anything new than what many conscientious critics, book reviewers and concerned observers of trends in Nigerian contemporary writing, had consistently drummed into their ears?
Indeed, most countries regulate political parties in order to ensure fairness in the political arena. But additionally, the preliminary findings are highly suggestive of differences between time periods.
These taxes were imposed during, or immediately after, a series of ecological disasters during the s and the early s that greatly weakened the fabric of local African societies.
In Uganda, Health Districts do not coincide with administrative districts, and the latter are constantly changed by presidential decisions linked to a highly clientelistic form of neopatrimonial politics.
Revise the constitutional limit on pre-trial detention, which currently allows for the detention on remand for a period up to days in capital cases. If only to give Otiono his own medicine by quoting from a private conversation: Before the arrival of the Europeans, however, contacts between inhabitants of Enugu area were with the Aros who had constantly raided the surrounding villages in search of slaves, as well as with the Hausa traders, who came in with their horses, then in very hot demand by the natives for ritual sacrifice.
States should ensure that, in their internal management, political parties respect theapplicable provisions of article 25 in order to enable citizens to exercise rights thereunder.
Some conceptual difficulties in the theory of social conflicts. Ethnicity, conflict and consensus in northern Ghana.T. A. Olowoje, ‘Oke-Igbo in Ondo and Ile-Ife Power Politics,’ BA, Ibadan,pp.and ‘Evidence of Chief Aderin, the Oloke of Okeigbo’ in Inquiry into Oloke of Okeigbo Chieftaincy Title, Ondo State Chieftaincy Review Commission, Chieftaincy as an important social institution which binds the people together is fraught with numerous disputes.
Chieftaincy disputes are the misunderstanding, that occurs between two or more fractions on the enstoolment or enskinment of a chief or the misunderstanding between an incumbent chief and some of. Battalio, Robert and Ellul, Andrew and Jennings, Robert () Reputation effects in trading on the New York Stock Exchange.
Discussion paper, Financial Markets Group, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK. What is Political Violence?
Terrorism has been successful at disrupting economies and destabilizing politics in some countries and can be a tool to provoke international conflict.
Fighting terrorism may lead to a weakening of democratic institutions and civil rights, which may result in less trust in government and less public control over it.
As Julie Skurskie argues, the politics of the creole elite were not so much inclusive-trying to cut across, coopt, and minimalize conflict in the name of the nation-as exclusive, violently defining racial and cultural groups out of the nation.
Gyamfi () in his essay on main causes of chieftaincy involvements in part y politics argued that the main reason why some chiefs tend to involve in partisan politics was the centralization of.Download